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Tyler Durden

Tyler Durden

Tyler Durden is a reference to the lead character in Fight Club. It's the pseudonym for Zero Hedge's key author(s) used to hide their identities.

Articles by Tyler Durden

Swiss National Bank Unexpectedly Sold US Stocks In Q3, Dumping Over 1 Million Apple Shares

6 days ago

The SNB’s latest 13-F form filings (yes, the Swiss central bank lists its US equity holdings like the hedge fund that it is) to the SEC were released this week. And, like every other quarter, we take a closer look to see what stocks the world’s only hedge fund central bank that prints money out of thin air bought, and on rare occasions, sold. This was one of those rare quarters.
After some modest fluctuations earlier this year, the SNB’s reported equity allocation was unchanged in 3Q at 21% (and includes no bank stocks to avoid conflicts of interest, yet somehow owning a chunk of equity of virtually every other US public company is not a conflict of interest?). This is notable because as JPMorgan writes, the SNB’s

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UBS Warns Trump’s Trade Fights Are ‘Reversing 15-Years Of Global Progress

24 days ago

Protectionism has cross-party support in the U.S., and nationalist parties continue to gain traction in Europe. Where there is inequality, there is a surge in protectionism; a risk that could trigger the next global economic crisis sometime around 2020.
The Trump administration’s trade war and a hard Brexit could send tariffs to levels not seen in 15 years, according to UBS economist, as per Market Watch.
The Swiss bank views the U.S. tariffs, along with retaliatory measures (tit-for-tat with China), as the most significant factors boosting the metric. Second, are fears of a hard Brexit, which refers to the potential split between the U.K. and the European Union.
“Combined, these two would add 142 [basis points] to

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Swiss Banks Curb China Travel After UBS Banker Arrested

27 days ago

Two major Swiss banks imposed restrictions on staff travel to China after a UBS employee was detained in the country, underscoring the challenges of doing business in a country which is a mecca for banks eager to capture and manage (for a generous fee) the fastest growing fortunes in the world, yet are challenged by a regime that tramples over civil rights.
According to Bloomberg, UBS asked some bankers not to travel to China after the incident, with fellow Swiss bank Julius Baer also imposing a travel ban while Credit Suisse said that so far there was no travel ban in place. The travel restrictions have only affected those bankers who help manage money for clients and haven’t been imposed on the securities unit.

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Swiss Bank Freezes $5 Billion In Russian Money

August 23, 2018

For years, Russian oligarchs and robber barons seeking to park their “unsourced” capital offshore and away from the sticky fingers of the Kremlin, treated Swiss bank accounts (preferably anonymous) with their “no questions asked” customer policies as, well, Swiss bank accounts.
No more.
One of Switzerland’s largest banks, Credit Suisse, has frozen roughly 5 billion Swiss francs ($5 billion) of money linked to Russia to avoid violating U.S. sanctions, according to its accounts, further increasing pressure on Moscow which today saw the ruble tumble to the lowest level in over two years.
The crackdown on Russian funds by the second largest Swiss bank, which owned aircraft surrendered by Russian tycoon Oleg Deripaska and

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Capital Controls Next? Lira Rebounds After Turkey Bank Regulator Limits FX Swap Operations

August 14, 2018

In the first tentative step toward the final option available for Erdogan to halt the Lira’s accelerating collapse – which crashed as low as 7.2362 earlier after the Wellington FX open following the the Turkish president’s latest belligerent comments – namely capital controls, the Turkish Banking Regulation and Supervision Agency imposed a limit on the amount of foreign currency and lira swap and swap-like transactions, which are not to exceed 50% of the bank’s shareholder equity.
Furthermore, new transactions are halted “until current over-shootings mature.”
Whether this tentative move to limit the amount of TRY FX speculation will work remains to be seen: the kneejerk reaction to its announcement helped send the

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The Swiss National Bank Now Owns $87.5 Billion In US Stocks After Q2 Tech Buying Spree

August 10, 2018

In the second quarter of 2018, one in which the global economy was shaken by the rapid escalation of Trump’s trade war, and in which central banks were one after another hinting at their own QE tapering and rate hiking intentions to follow in the Fed’s footsteps, what was really taking place was another central bank buying spree meant to boost confidence that things are now back to normal, using “money” that was freshly printed out of thin air, and spent to prop up risk assets around the world by recklessly buying stocks with no regard for price or cost.
Nowhere was this more obvious than in the latest, just released 13F from the massive hedge fund known as the “Swiss National Bank.” What it showed is that, just like

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Goldman: You Are Asking The Wrong $1 Trillion Question

August 7, 2018

After several months of heated market speculation, to Amazon’s chagrin the question of which stock would be the first to reach $1 trillion in market capitalization was answered when Apple reported strong Q2 results (which included $21 billion in stock buybacks) and its stock soared 9% this week, rising above the very round number and elevating its YTD gain to 23% (Amazon, with a market cap of just under $900 billion, will most likely be second).
To Goldman, however, that was the “wrong $1 trillion question.” Instead, The correct $1 trillion question according to the bank’s chief equity strategist David Kostin, is: what amount of buyback will companies authorize in 2018?
Three weeks ago, we reported that according to

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Credit Suisse: “Our Risk Appetite Index Is Near Panic”

July 7, 2018

Sure, it’s been a bad year for investors, with the S&P posting the smallest of gains in the first half (all of which thanks to tech stocks) after several hair-raising, monthly incidents including February’s vol-spike, April’s real yield scare, May’s Emerging Market massacre and June’s trade war fears as shown in the following Citi chart…
… but it’s hardly been apocalyptic: in fact, most of the shocks that took place were well telegraphed to those who paid attention. And yet, according to Credit Suisse, after the first six months of the year investors are in a state of near shock.

Next Month, Another Mishap – Click to enlarge
According to Credit Suisse economist James Sweeney, “our Global Risk Appetite Index is

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How To Create Your Own Personal Gold Standard And Currency Reserve

July 5, 2018

Via The Daily Bell,

Did you know that for 99.2% of recorded human history, money was backed by a gold standard?
And only for the last 47 years has the world largely moved away from the gold standard.
It is easy to feel like we are on top of the world in 2018. Technology has never been better or more easily accessible. The standard of living is rapidly rising.
But does that mean we should dispense with 5,000 years of monetary policy which led us to where we are today?
Okay, but how do we get the financial system back on the gold standard?
That seems like a monumental task, which would require a critical mass of activists, a new strain of politician, and wresting control from the Federal Reserve… Good luck.
The cool

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US Vs China – Is It ‘Art Of The Deal’ Or Economic Warfare?

July 4, 2018

While monetary tightening remains the main risk for global stock markets, the threat of a trade war continues to dominate the headlines…
The question raised by Donald Trump’s trade agenda with China remains, in essence, extremely simple. It is whether The Donald is engaged in a typical ‘Art of the Deal’ negotiation, where he can suddenly turn on a dime and declare a ‘win’, or whether he is really seriously trying to stop China upgrading its economy by targeting ‘Made in China 2025’.
Such a stance would amount to an act of economic warfare. On this point, it should be understood that some of those in Washington pushing this policy view of China as some kind of strategic rival for global

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Bitcoin Soars Most In 3 Months, Back Above $6,000

July 2, 2018

After crossing below $6,000 for the 4th time in a week yesterday, Bitcoin surged overnight – jumping by as much as 10% at one point, the most in 3 months.

BTC/USD, Daily Jun 2018(see more posts on BTC-USD, ) – Click to enlarge
The 10% surge is a notable outlier after weeks of constant downward pressure, but we note it’s already fading modestly along with the rest of cryptos.

Rest of Cryptos Price Change – Click to enlarge
And while, with Bitcoin down 70% from its highs, it’s easy for the original naysayers to gloat with the “told you so dance”, we note that Bitcoin is still up 155% YoY and as SovereignMan’s Simon Black writes, it’s important to have some historical context when considering the future of

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Cryptos Slide Accelerates Since Congress Warned Bitcoin Poses Threat To US Election

June 30, 2018

Bitcoin has tumbled back below $6,000 in early Asia trading and the rest of the crypto space is following suit. No imediate catalyst for the move – aside from technical pressure – but tougher AML rules in South Korea and US Congress being told Bitcoin is a threat to the US election may have sparked it earlier in the week and this is follow-through.
Bitcoin can’t catch a bid off the weekend’s $6,000 slump…

BTC/USD, Monthly Jun 2018 (see more posts on BTC-USD, ) – Click to enlarge
And as usual, the rest of crypto is following (though we note that Bitcoin had been steady as the rest of crypto fell)…
As we noted, other than just momentum running through the psychological $6,000 barrier, there is little immediate

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China Vows Retaliation With “Same Scale, Intensity” To Any New US Tariffs

April 6, 2018

Trump’s aggressive trade war overtures and China’s initial retaliatory moves have spooked Wall Street over the past week and again on Monday, which helped drive down the Dow Jones by 459 points, with the Nasdaq Composite quickly approaching correction territory. And as the mass exodus continues out of Wall Street’s highest-flying stocks, trade war concerns are sparking political, regulatory and market challenges that could soon derail the global growth narrative for months or even years to come.
According to Reuters, China is preparing aggressive counter-measures of the “same proportion, scale and intensity” if the Trump administration imposes further tariffs on Chinese goods, China’s Ambassador to the United States

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In Unprecedented Intervention, Swiss Central Bank Bails Out Firm That Prints Swiss Banknotes

December 21, 2017

In the most ironic story of the day, the company that makes the paper that Swiss banknotes are printed on was just bailed out by the money-printing, stock-purchasing, plunge-protecting, savior-of-global equities…Swiss National Bank.

– Click to enlarge
While The SNB has a long and checkered history of buying shares in companies… as we have detailed numerous times, it is no stranger to pumping money into companies all over the world…

SNB – US Stock Holdings, Q3 2017(see more posts on SNB Holdings, ).
Including Apple, Alphabet, and Microsoft…
But, as Reuters reports, this is its first acquisition in decades.
The central bank said on Thursday it was purchasing a 90 percent stake in Landqart AG after the company –

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Switzerland Is Well-Prepared For Civilizational Collapse

December 13, 2017

Authord by Alex Tabarrok via, More than any other country, Switzerland’s ethos is centered around preparing for civilizational collapse. All around Switzerland, for example, one can find thousands of water fountains fed by natural springs. Zurich is famous for its 1200 fountains, some of them quite beautiful and ornate, but it’s the multiple small, …

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Jim Grant: “Markets Trust Too Much In The Presence Of Central Banks”

December 12, 2017

Authored by Christoph Gisiger via Finanz und Wirtschaft, James Grant, Wall Street expert and editor of the renowned investment newsletter «Grant’s Interest Rate Observer», warns of the unseen consequences of super low interest rate and questions the extraordinary actions of the Swiss National Bank. Nearly ten years after the financial crisis, extraordinary monetary policy has …

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The Latte Index: Using The Impartial Bean To Value Currencies

December 9, 2017

Like any other market, there are many opinions on what a currency ought to be worth relative to others.
With certain currencies, that spectrum of opinions is fairly narrow. As an example, for the world’s most traded currency – the U.S. dollar – the majority of opinions currently fall in a range from the dollar being 2% to 11% overvalued, according to organizations such as the Council of Foreign Relations, the Bank of International Settlements, the OECD, and the IMF.
For other currencies, the spectrum is much wider. The Swiss franc, which some have called the world’s most perplexing currency, has estimates from those same groups ranging from about 13% undervalued to 21% overvalued.
As VisualCapitalist’s Jeff

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“Gnomes Of Zurich” In Panic As Saudi Corruption Crackdown Sparks Flood Of Money Laundering Inquiries

December 8, 2017

There are two divergent views on the crackdown on corruption by Saudi Arabia’s crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman (MBS), which led to the arrest and detention of 200 princes, ministers and former ministers.
On one hand, it was a masterstroke which will earn political capital with the Saudi people and catalyse an Arab Spring in which MBS is a modernizing reformer who will liberalise Islam.

On the other, it was nothing other than a cynical and desperate attempt to tighten his grip on power and weaken competing clans within the ruling family (especially sons of former King Abdullah) as the nation risks splitting apart due to political and economic fissures. Last week, we noted that former head of the National Guard and

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Frustrated Investors File Lawsuits Against World’s Largest ICO

December 5, 2017

Here’s the latest sign that the massively fraudulent ICO market is headed for a collapse.
Tezos’s investors are still waiting to learn when they can expect to receive the digital tokens that they paid a premium for during the company’s record-setting crowdsale. But as reports of abuse, internal strife and outright embezzlement have surfaced in the press, three groups of angry investors have filed class action lawsuits accusing the company of fraud and securities violations.
In response, Arthur and Kathleen Breitman, the young couple that founded the Tezos project, are asking the Switzerland-based Tezos Foundation to foot the bill for their legal defense – a controversial move, seeing as that money is supposed to

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What Gives Cryptocurrencies Their Value

December 5, 2017

The value of cryptocurrencies like bitcoin, just like any other kind of money, comes fundamentally from what you can do with it. As a follow up to What Backs Bitcoin, I want to dig into that value.
The idea, which comes from Austrian economist Carl Menger, is that just as a shovel’s value comes from its ability to dig, a currency’s value comes from its ability to help you do two things: transactions and savings.
Think of transactions as the money you carry in your wallet or checking account, and savings as the rest of what you have in the bank or buried in the yard. It’s worth mentioning here that that vast majority of money demand is indeed savings, making up 90% or more of all money demand.
The reason this matters

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Bitcoin Tops $10,100 – Fed’s Powell Says “Cryptocurrencies Just Don’t Matter”

December 3, 2017

Update: Cryptocurrencies are widely bid tonight with Bitcoin over $10,150, Ether holding $475, and LiteCoin topping $100 for the first time…

LiteCoin Price in USD, Mar – Nov 2017(see more posts on Litecoin, ) – Click to enlarge
Bitcoin has now soared over 20% since Black Friday’s close, topping $10,000 for the first time in history (rising from $9,000 in just 2 days)… now up over 950% year-to-date.

image courtesy of CoinTelegraph – Click to enlarge
It’s been quite a year….
$0000 – $1000: 1789 days
$1000- $2000: 1271 days
$2000- $3000: 23 days
$3000- $4000: 62 days
$4000- $5000: 61 days
$5000- $6000: 8 days
$6000- $7000: 13 days
$7000- $8000: 14 days
$8000- $9000: 9 days
$9000-$10000: 2 days

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Frustrated Investors File Lawsuits Against World’s Largest ICO

December 3, 2017

Here's the latest sign that the massively fraudulent ICO market is headed for a collapse. Tezos’s investors are still waiting to learn when they can expect to receive the digital tokens that they paid a premium for during the company’s record-setting crowdsale. But as reports of abuse, internal strife and outright embezzlement have surfaced in …

Read More »

Demographic Dysphoria: Swiss Village Offers Families Over $70,000 To Live There

November 28, 2017

Across the world, demographic dysphoria is taking shape, creating numerous headaches for governments. To avoid the next economic downturn, governments are searching for creative measures to increase population growth and deliver a sustainable economy. In Europe, a near decade of excessive monetary policy coupled with a massive influx of refugees have not been able to reverse negative population growth– first spotted in 2012.

Annual Population Growth, 1951 – 2041 – Click to enlarge
As for Switzerland, a small mountainside village near Leukerbad in Canton of Valais called Albinen, is now experiencing a population crisis. The village of 240 inhabitants is one many areas in the country experiencing a mass exodus in

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New Gold-Backed Debit Card Launched In Partnership With MasterCard

November 23, 2017

In recent years, there has been a major debate about the respective merits of gold versus Bitcoin, even though many, not all, gold bulls are also supporters of the latter. Gold advocates generally view favourably Bitcoin’s inherent characteristics of decentralisation, finite supply and ability to operate (so far) outside of the usual interference by western central banks. Having said that, the launch of Bitcoin futures on the CME in the coming weeks could lead to naked shorting of “paper Bitcoin” by any parties, including central banks and large commercial banks, who deem capping of the Bitcoin price necessary. As we discussed last week in “Financial Times: Sell Bitcoin Because The Market Is About To Become

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For The First Time Ever, The “1%” Own More Than Half The World’s Wealth: The Stunning Chart

November 21, 2017

Today Credit Suisse released its latest annual global wealth report, which traditionally lays out what has become the single biggest reason for the recent “anti-establishment” revulsion: an unprecedented concentration of wealth among a handful of people, as shown in Swiss bank’s infamous global wealth pyramid, an arrangement which as observed by the “shocking” political backlash of the past year, suggests that the lower ‘levels’ of the pyramid are increasingly unhappy about.
As Credit Suisse tantalizingly shows year after year (most recently one year ago), the number of people who control roughly half of the global net worth, or 45.9% of the roughly $280 trillion in household wealth, is declining progressively

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Saudi Billionaires Scramble To Move Cash Offshore, Escape Asset Freeze

November 16, 2017

Over the weekend, Saudi King Salman shocked the world by abruptly announcing the arrests of 11 senior princes and some 38 ministers, including Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal, the world’s sixty-first richest man and the largest shareholder in Citi, News Corp. and Twitter. The purge was orchestrated by a new “supreme committee” to investigate public corruption created by King Salman but under the control of Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who chairs the committee and is widely suspected of being the driving force behind the purge.

– Click to enlarge
In addition to the arrests, two Royals have died since the purge began. Prince Mansour bin-Muqrin reportedly perished in a helicopter crash near the Yemen border earlier

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Frontrunning: November 15

November 15, 2017

GOP Seeks to Derail Moore, Salvage Senate Seat (WSJ) Army takes control in Zimbabwe (Reuters) Senate Tax Plan Guts Obamacare, Sunsets Many Middle-Class Cuts (BBG) Senate Republicans tie tax plan to repeal of key Obamacare mandate (Reuters) Trump’s Campaign Foreign Policy Team Under Mueller’s Microscope (BBG) Ryan Says Future Congresses Will Preserve Tax Bill’s Temporary …

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Mysterious Bitcoin Dip-Buyer Identified

November 14, 2017

Amid the cataclymsic collapse of Bitcoin late on Friday night, the crypto currency suddenly saw a large buyer step in as prices plummeted below $6000. We now have an idea who that buyer of last resort was… As a result of a giant publicity effort from its proponents, BCH saw mass investment as it heads …

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